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Br J Nutr. 2005 Apr;93(4):485-92.

High rates of exogenous carbohydrate oxidation from a mixture of glucose and fructose ingested during prolonged cycling exercise.

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Human Performance Laboratory, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston B15 2TT, UK.


A recent study from our laboratory has shown that a mixture of glucose and fructose ingested at a rate of 1.8 g/min leads to peak oxidation rates of approximately 1.3 g/min and results in approximately 55% higher exogenous carbohydrate (CHO) oxidation rates compared with the ingestion of an isocaloric amount of glucose. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a mixture of glucose and fructose when ingested at a high rate (2.4 g/min) would lead to even higher exogenous CHO oxidation rates (>1.3 g/min). Eight trained male cyclists (VO2max: 68+/-1 ml/kg per min) cycled on three different occasions for 150 min at 50% of maximal power output (60+/-1% VO2max) and consumed either water (WAT) or a CHO solution providing 1.2 g/min glucose (GLU) or 1.2 g/min glucose+1.2 g/min fructose (GLU+FRUC). Peak exogenous CHO oxidation rates were higher (P<0.01) in the GLU+FRUC trial compared with the GLU trial (1.75 (SE 0.11) and 1.06 (SE 0.05) g/min, respectively). Furthermore, exogenous CHO oxidation rates during the last 90 min of exercise were approximately 50% higher (P<0.05) in GLU+FRUC compared with GLU (1.49 (SE 0.08) and 0.99 (SE 0.06) g/min, respectively). The results demonstrate that when a mixture of glucose and fructose is ingested at high rates (2.4 g/min) during 150 min of cycling exercise, exogenous CHO oxidation rates reach peak values of approximately 1.75 g/min.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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