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Histol Histopathol. 2005 Jul;20(3):901-6. doi: 10.14670/HH-20.901.

Labeling of adult stem cells for in vivo-application in the human heart.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine II-Cardiology, University of Ulm, Robert Koch Strasse 8, 89081 Ulm, Germany.

Abstract

Tissue regeneration with human hematopoietic or mesenchymal stem cells has become a fashionable research topic. In cardiology, intracoronary injection of adult stem cells has already been used for the treatment of human myocardial infarction and ischemic cardiomyopathy. The experimental background of such therapies, however, i.e. the potential of adult stem cells to regenerate myocardium through "transdifferentiation" of hematopoietic or mesenchymal stem cells into cardiomyocytes described in animal models, has recently been challenged by other experimental data. Nonetheless, clinical trials are continuing. This may be due to the fact that, in open-labeled pilot trials, a benefit of intracoronary injection of adult stem cells for the treatment of myocardial infarction has been described. As pilot trials may overemphasize the beneficial effects of intracoronary injection of bone marrow stem cells, controlled double-blinded randomised multicenter studies are warranted. Furthermore, a careful characterization of the cells involved in the proposed cardiac repair as well as in vivo-monitoring of such cells following intracoronary injection in humans might help to answer many essential questions linked to this important research topic. The latter requires biocompatible labeling. This review focuses on the technologies available for stem cell labeling and summarizes the arguments and contra-arguments to use these labeling technologies for application in humans.

PMID:
15944941
DOI:
10.14670/HH-20.901
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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