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Mol Biol Cell. 2005 Aug;16(8):3692-704. Epub 2005 Jun 8.

Phosphatidylinositol-4-kinase type II alpha is a component of adaptor protein-3-derived vesicles.

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Department of Cell Biology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.


A membrane fraction enriched in vesicles containing the adaptor protein (AP) -3 cargo zinc transporter 3 was generated from PC12 cells and was used to identify new components of these organelles by mass spectrometry. Proteins prominently represented in the fraction included AP-3 subunits, synaptic vesicle proteins, and lysosomal proteins known to be sorted in an AP-3-dependent way or to interact genetically with AP-3. A protein enriched in this fraction was phosphatidylinositol-4-kinase type IIalpha (PI4KIIalpha). Biochemical, pharmacological, and morphological analyses supported the presence of PI4KIIalpha in AP-3-positive organelles. Furthermore, the subcellular localization of PI4KIIalpha was altered in cells from AP-3-deficient mocha mutant mice. The PI4KIIalpha normally present both in perinuclear and peripheral organelles was substantially decreased in the peripheral membranes of AP-3-deficient mocha fibroblasts. In addition, as is the case for other proteins sorted in an AP-3-dependent way, PI4KIIalpha content was strongly reduced in nerve terminals of mocha hippocampal mossy fibers. The functional relationship between AP-3 and PI4KIIalpha was further explored by PI4KIIalpha knockdown experiments. Reduction of the cellular content of PI4KIIalpha strongly decreased the punctate distribution of AP-3 observed in PC12 cells. These results indicate that PI4KIIalpha is present on AP-3 organelles where it regulates AP-3 function.

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