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Nucleic Acids Res. 2005 Jun 7;33(10):3271-82. Print 2005.

Phosphorylation of human oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (alpha-OGG1) modulates its function.

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Laboratory of Molecular Gerontology, National Institute on Aging, NIH Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.


Oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) initiates the repair of 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG), a major oxidative DNA base modification that has been directly implicated in cancer and aging. OGG1 functions in the base excision repair pathway, for which a molecular hand-off mechanism has been proposed. To date, only one functional and a few physical protein interactions have been reported for OGG1. Using the yeast two-hybrid system and a protein array membrane, we identified two novel protein interactions of OGG1, with two different protein kinases: Cdk4, a serine-threonine kinase, and c-Abl, a tyrosine kinase. We confirmed these interactions in vitro using recombinant proteins and in vivo by co-immunoprecipitation from whole cell extracts. OGG1 is phosphorylated in vitro by Cdk4, resulting in a 2.5-fold increase in the 8-oxoG/C incision activity of OGG1. C-Abl tyrosine phosphorylates OGG1 in vitro; however, this phosphorylation event does not affect OGG1 8-oxoG/C incision activity. These results provide the first evidence that a post-translational modification of OGG1 can affect its catalytic activity. The distinct functional outcomes from serine/threonine or tyrosine phosphorylation may indicate that activation of different signal transduction pathways modulate OGG1 activity in different ways.

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