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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005 Jun;115(6):1203-9.

Evaluation of the CD14/-260 polymorphism and house dust endotoxin exposure in the Barbados Asthma Genetics Study.

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Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 5501 Hopkins Bayview Circle, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.



Both a functional promoter polymorphism in the gene encoding CD14 (C-260T) and exposure to endotoxin are believed to play key roles in modulating the immune response and expression of atopic disease.


We aimed to evaluate the role of the CD14 C-260T polymorphism in a population of African descent and to test for interaction between this genotype and house dust endotoxin (HDE) exposure on atopic phenotypes.


Asthmatic probands and their families were recruited as part of the Barbados Asthma Genetics Study. The C-260T polymorphism and two additional CD14 promoter markers (G-1461T, C-1721T) were genotyped. Endotoxin was measured in house dust samples.


Using a Family-Based Association Test, the C-260T allele appeared to be protective against asthma ( z = -2.444; P = .015) and asthma severity ( z = -2.615; P = .009) under a recessive model. No significant associations were observed for the G-1461T and C-1721T markers both individually and in haplotypes. In a case-control analysis, the CD14 TT genotype was found to reduce risk of asthma compared with the CD14 CC/CT genotypes (odds ratio [OR], 0.26; 95% CI, 0.14-0.49) and was associated with lower asthma severity scores ( P < .002). The TT genotype might protect against asthma for individuals with low HDE (OR, 0.09; 95% CI, 0.03-0.24), but may be a risk factor for individuals with high HDE (OR, 11.66; 95% CI, 1.03-131.7), suggesting a gene-environment interaction.


These data suggest that the CD14-260 polymorphism may play a role in controlling risk to atopic disease and underscore the importance of incorporating key environmental exposures into studies of genetic risk factors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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