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Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi. 1992 Jan;34(1):65-70.

Early morphological changes of tubules in rats with chronic renal failure.

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1
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

We investigated the early changes of tubules and effect of the oral adsorbent, AST-120, on the early changes of tubules in rats with chronic renal failure. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two groups with and without AST-120, after 3/4 nephrectomy. Although there were no significant differences in levels of blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, creatinine clearance, inulin clearance, para-aminohippuric acid clearance and urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase at week 8 between the two groups, the amount of 24-hour urinary protein excretion and the direct systolic blood pressure at week 8 were significantly decreased in the group with AST-120. Examinations by light microscopy at week 8 revealed that proteinaceous casts in the tubules, tubular dilatation and infiltration of monocytes into the interstitium in the group with AST-120 were less prominent than those in the group without AST-120. A significant difference in numbers of proteinaceous casts was noted at week 8 between the two groups. In rats with chronic renal failure at the early stage, it is concluded that the formation of proteinaceous casts, resulting in tubular damage, is increased and that AST-120 delays the occurrence of proteinaceous casts by delaying the increase in urinary protein excretion.

PMID:
1593798
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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