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Eur Psychiatry. 2005 May;20(3):213-22.

Association of personality and work conditions with depressive symptoms.

Author information

1
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Facultad de Medicina, University of Granada, Avenida de Madrid 11, E-18012 Granada, Spain. djurado@ugr.es

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous studies have found a relationship between job-related stress and depressive symptoms in different occupational groups, and that personality may modify the risk of developing depressive symptoms. We aimed to examine the association of personality and other individual and work conditions with depressive symptoms.

SUBJECTS AND METHOD:

A sample of 498 teachers answered a questionnaire concerning individual and work characteristics, some job-related perceptions, and the wish to change jobs. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D) and personality was measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-125).

RESULTS:

Depressive symptoms were associated with female gender, age, low job satisfaction, high job stress, the wish to change jobs, working at a public school, and with higher scores on harm avoidance and novelty seeking and lower scores on self-directedness.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results underline the influence of personality traits on the development of depressive symptoms independently of other individual characteristics and the occupational context.

PMID:
15935419
DOI:
10.1016/j.eurpsy.2004.12.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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