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Transfusion. 2005 Jun;45(6):911-9.

Effects of a new pathogen-reduction technology (Mirasol PRT) on functional aspects of platelet concentrates.

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  • 1Hemotherapy-Hemostasis Service, CDB, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Spain.



Several strategies are being developed to reduce the risk of pathogen transmission associated with platelet (PLT) transfusion.


The impact of a new technology for pathogen reduction based on riboflavin plus illumination (Mirasol PRT, Navigant Biotechnologies, Inc.) at 6.2 and 12.3 J per mL on functional and biochemical characteristics of PLTs was evaluated. PLT concentrates (PCs) obtained by apheresis were treated with Mirasol PRT and stored at 22 degrees C. Modifications in major PLT glycoproteins (GPIbalpha, GPIV, and GPIIb-IIIa), adhesive ligands (von Willebrand factor [VWF], fibrinogen [Fg], and fibronectin), activation antigens (P-selectin and LIMP), and apoptotic markers (annexin V binding and factor [F]Va) were analyzed by flow cytometry. Adhesive and cohesive PLT functions were evaluated with well-established perfusion models. Studies were performed on the preparation day (Day 0) and during PCs storage (Days 3 and 5).


Levels of glycoproteins remained stable during storage in PCs treated with 6.2 J per mL pathogen reduction technology (PRT) and similar to those observed in nontreated PCs. When 12.3 J per mL PRT was applied, however, levels of GPIbalpha moderately decreased on Days 3 and 5. VWF, Fg, and FVa were not modified in their expression levels, either by treatment or by storage period. Fibronectin appeared more elevated in all PRT samples. A progressive increase in P-selectin and LIMP expression and in annexin V binding was observed during storage of PRT-treated PCs. Functional studies indicated that 6.2 J per mL Mirasol PRT-treated PLTs preserved adhesive and cohesive functions to levels compatible with those observed in the respective control PCs.


PLT function was well preserved in PCs treated with 6.2 J per mL Mirasol PRT and stored for 5 days.

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