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J Pers Soc Psychol. 1992 May;62(5):804-12.

Vulnerable self-esteem and depressive symptoms: prospective findings comparing three alternative conceptualizations.

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1
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260.

Abstract

Across diverse theoretical orientations, vulnerable self-esteem (SE) is thought to act as a diathesis for depression after life stress. In the present study, the roles of trait-level SE, low SE primed by depressed mood, and labile SE in prospectively predicting changes in depressive symptoms in a nonclinical sample (n = 192) were examined. Results indicated that labile SE predicted increases in symptoms. Furthermore, a 3-way interaction (Labile SE x Academic Stress x Initial Depression) suggested that in Ss who were initially asymptomatic, lability made Ss differentially vulnerable to increases in depressive symptoms after stress. In contrast to labile SE, trait-level SE and priming of low SE were relatively weak predictors of changes in depressive symptoms and did not interact with stress.

PMID:
1593420
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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