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Biomed Pharmacother. 2005 Jul;59(6):302-6.

Effects of pentoxifylline on oxidative stress and levels of EGF and NO in blood of diabetic type-2 patients; a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial.

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Faculty of Pharmacy, and Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 14155-6451, Tehran, Iran.



As oxidative stress contributes to both progression and pathologic complications of diabetes and effective therapeutic strategies to prevent or delay the damage remain limited, the aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of pentoxifylline in reducing of oxidative stress. Since there is a relationship between nitric oxide (NO), epidermal growth factor (EGF) and oxidative stress, we measured the effect of this drug on these parameters in comparison to placebo.


Thirty-nine patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus were randomized in a double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to receive either pentoxifylline 400 mg four times a day or placebo for 14 days. Blood samples were obtained at baseline and at the end of the study. Samples were analyzed for thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS) as a marker of lipid peroxidation, ferric reducing ability (total antioxidant power, TAP), EGF and NO levels.


Pentoxifylline in comparison to placebo was effective (P < 0.05) in reduction of lipid peroxidation in plasma of the patients without significant effects on TAP, levels of EGF and NO in plasma.


Adding of pentoxifylline to drug regimen of diabetic type-2 patients can be helpful. Exact mechanism of action of pentoxifylline in reduction of blood lipid peroxidation remains to be elucidated.

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