Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Genet. 2006 Feb;43(2):157-61. Epub 2005 Jun 1.

Espin gene (ESPN) mutations associated with autosomal dominant hearing loss cause defects in microvillar elongation or organisation.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Espins are actin bundling proteins present in hair cell stereocilia. A recessive mutation in the espin gene (Espn) has been detected in the jerker mouse and causes deafness, vestibular dysfunction, and hair cell degeneration. More recently mutations in the human espin gene (ESPN) have been described in two families affected by autosomal recessive hearing loss and vestibular areflexia.

OBJECTIVE:

To report the identification of four additional ESPN mutations (S719R, D744N, R774Q, and delK848) in patients affected by autosomal dominant hearing loss without vestibular involvement.

RESULTS:

To determine whether the mutated ESPN alleles affected the biological activity of the corresponding espin proteins in vivo, their ability to target and elongate the parallel actin bundles of brush border microvilli was investigated in transfected LLC-PK1-CL4 epithelial cells. For three mutated alleles clear abnormalities in microvillar length or distribution were obtained.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results further strengthen the causative role of the espin gene in non-syndromic hearing loss and add new insights into espin structure and function.

PMID:
15930085
PMCID:
PMC2564636
DOI:
10.1136/jmg.2005.032086
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center