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J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1992 May-Jun;16(3):335-44.

Proton NMR spectroscopy of cerebral metabolic alterations in infantile peroxisomal disorders.

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Max-Planck-Institut für biophysikalische Chemie, Göttingen, Germany.


Noninvasive studies of cerebral metabolism were performed with use of localized proton MR spectroscopy (MRS) in both healthy controls (n = 4, age 6 weeks to 2 years) and infants (n = 4, age 3-15 months) who had impaired peroxisomal functions classified as variants of Zellweger syndrome. All patients revealed a marked decrease of N-acetylaspartate in white and gray matter, thalamus, and cerebellum, indicating impairment of normal neuronal development as well as neuronal loss. In two cases an increase of cerebral glutamine and a decrease of the cytosolic polyol myo-inositol in gray matter and striatum reflected the impact of a concomitant effect on hepatic function. Two cases 3 and 6 months of age exhibited a notable elevation of mobile lipids and/or cholesterol in white matter. These patients with severe disease died within 4 weeks after the MRS examination. While an increase of free fatty acids generally associated with a lysosomal storage disease was not consistently observed by proton MRS of brain, this technique provides a convenient and safe tool for the direct assessment of neuropathologic aspects of Zellweger syndrome such as neuronal degeneration, demyelination, and consequences of compromised liver function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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