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Ann Neurol. 2005 Jun;57(6):855-65.

Molecular pathology and clinical characteristics of oligodendroglial neoplasms.

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JK Douglas Laboratories, Bebington, Wirral, United Kingdom.


To evaluate the role of molecular genetics in the routine clinic, we investigated allelic imbalance at 1p36, 19q13, 17p13, 10p12-15, and 10q22-26 and p53 mutation in 100 oligodendroglial neoplasms diagnosed at a single treatment center between 2000 and 2003. The -1p/-19q genotype, seen in 64, 34, 77, and 30% of OII, OAII, OIII, and OAIII respectively, was inversely related to p53 mutation and 17p13 loss. Genotype was unrelated to tumor location and could not distinguish high-grade tumors that presented de novo from those that progressed from a previous lower grade malignancy. Presentation with seizures was more common in cases with the -1p/-19q genotype, and these remained stable for longer before treatment. In longitudinal samples, 74% retained their initial histological differentiation, whereas 29% showed new genetic alterations, the -1p/-19q genotype being acquired in three cases. Loss of 1p36 and 19q13, 17p13, chromosome 10, and p53 mutation were significantly associated with survival from presentation in Kaplan-Meier analysis (p < 0.01), and loss of 1p36 and 19q13 and loss of 17p13 retained significance in multivariate analysis. In this recently diagnosed unselected series, clinical differences in tumors with and without the -1p/-19q genotype support a genetic approach to aid diagnosis and prognostication for oligodendroglial neoplasms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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