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Trends Biotechnol. 2005 Jul;23(7):359-66.

Food and forensic molecular identification: update and challenges.

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Centre de Génétique Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS UMR5534, UCB-Lyon I, 16, Rue Raphael Dubois, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France.


The need for accurate and reliable methods for animal species identification has steadily increased during past decades, particularly with the recent food scares and the overall crisis of biodiversity primarily resulting from the huge ongoing illegal traffic of endangered species. A relatively new biotechnological field, known as species molecular identification, based on the amplification and analysis of DNA, offers promising solutions. Indeed, despite the fact that retrieval and analysis of DNA in processed products is a real challenge, numerous technically consistent methods are now available and allow the detection of animal species in almost any organic substrate. However, this field is currently facing a turning point and should rely more on knowledge primarily from three fundamental fields--paleogenetics, molecular evolution and systematics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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