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DNA Repair (Amst). 2005 Jul 12;4(7):773-81.

Cisplatin induces DNA double-strand break formation in Escherichia coli dam mutants.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 364 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.

Abstract

Escherichia coli dam cells are more susceptible to the cytotoxic action of cisplatin than wildtype. Dam mutS or dam mutL bacteria, however, are resistant to this agent indicating that active mismatch repair sensitizes dam cells to cisplatin toxicity. Genetic data, obtained previously, were consistent with the generation and repair of cisplatin-induced double-strand breaks (DSBs). We measured DSB formation in temperature-sensitive dam recB mutants, after exposure to cisplatin, using pulse field gel electrophoresis and observed an increase in linear 100-300 kb DNA fragments corresponding to approximately 15-45 double strand breaks per genome. The formation of these DSBs was temperature and dose-dependent and was decreased in recBC bacteria at the permissive temperature or in dam(+) or mutS control strains. There was a three-fold increase in circa 2 mb linear chromosomal fragments in dam recBC strains at the non-permissive temperature compared to recBC alone. We show that dam priA strains are not viable suggesting that DSB formation is dependent on DNA replication restart. The sensitivity of priA mutants to cisplatin is also consistent with this conclusion.

PMID:
15925551
DOI:
10.1016/j.dnarep.2005.03.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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