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Microb Pathog. 2005 May-Jun;38(5-6):249-57. Epub 2005 Apr 21.

Recombinant expression of bovine LFA-1 and characterization of its role as a receptor for Mannheimia haemolytica leukotoxin.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA.

Abstract

Mannheimia (Pasteurella) haemolytica leukotoxin (LktA) is the primary virulence factor contributing to the pathogenesis of lung injury in bovine pneumonic mannheimiosis (BPM), a disease which causes major economic loss to the US cattle industry annually. Recent work from our laboratory using an antibody-based approach has shown that LktA binds to bovine LFA-1 in target cells. While this study suggests that LFA-1 might be a specific receptor, it remains to be conclusively shown that LFA-1 is sufficient to induce susceptibility to LktA. It was of interest to determine if functionally active bovine LFA-1 could be reconstituted on a LFA-1 negative cell line and reconstitute susceptibility to LktA. Here, we report the successful recombinant expression of bovine LFA-1 on the cell surface of the human erythroleukemic K562 cell line. The BoLFA-1 transductant expresses bovine CD18 and CD11a as a heterodimer. We found that LktA binds to both the CD18 and CD11a subunits of BoLFA-1 cells. Exposure of BoLFA-1 cells to LktA, induced tyrosine phosphorylation of the CD18 tail, elevation of intracellular calcium, and cytolysis. This is the first report on recombinant expression of functionally active bovine LFA-1 by transduction into an LktA-non-susceptible human cell line.

PMID:
15925274
DOI:
10.1016/j.micpath.2005.02.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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