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Proteomics. 2005 Jul;5(10):2602-11.

Proteomic expression analysis of colorectal cancer by two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis.

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Protein Technology Unit.


The identification of specific protein markers for colorectal cancer would provide the basis for early diagnosis and detection, as well as clues for understanding the molecular mechanisms governing cancer progression. In this report, we describe the proteomic analysis of the samples of colorectal cancer corresponding to seven patients. We have used the highly sensitive two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis (2-D DIGE) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) for the identification of proteins differentially expressed in tumoral and neighboring normal mucosa. We have detected differences in abundance of 52 proteins with statistical variance of the tumor versus normal spot volume ratio within the 95th confidence level (Student's t-test; p < 0.05). Forty-one out of 52 analyzed proteins were unambiguously identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight MS coupled with database interrogation as being differentially expressed in colorectal cancer. An ontology analysis of these proteins revealed that they were mainly involved in regulation of transcription (synovial sarcoma X5 protein, metastasis-associated protein 1), cellular reorganization and cytoskeleton (cytokeratins, vimentin, beta actin), cell communication and signal transduction (annexins IV and V, relaxin, APC), and protein synthesis and folding (heat shock protein 60, calreticulin, cathepsin D, RSP4) among others. Preliminary studies demonstrated that the differentially expressed proteins found by 2-D DIGE could be confirmed and validated by immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry analyses in those few cases where antibodies were available. We believe that the incorporation of more samples and new datasets will permit the definition of a collection of proteins with a potential interest as biomarkers for colorectal cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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