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Exp Cell Res. 2005 Jul 1;307(1):259-75. Epub 2005 Apr 15.

PKB mediates c-erbB2-induced epithelial beta1 integrin conformational inactivation through Rho-independent F-actin rearrangements.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Göteborg, Box 440, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden.


Signalling from the growth factor receptor subunit and proto-oncogene c-erbB2 has been shown to inhibit the adhesive function of the collagen receptor integrin alpha(2)beta(1) in human mammary epithelial cells. This anti-adhesive effect is mediated by the MAP ERK kinase 1/2 (MEK1/2) and protein kinase B (PKB) pathways. Here, we show that both pathways mediate suppression of matrix adhesion by causing the extracellular domain of the beta(1) integrin subunit to adopt an inactive conformation. The conformational switch was also dependent on rapid and extensive actin depolymerisation. While neither activation nor inhibition of the Rho GTPase affected this rearrangement, Rho was found to be activated by c-erbB2 and to be necessary for conformation-dependent integrin inactivation and, apparently by a different mechanism, a delayed re-formation of stress fibers which did not restore integrin function. Interestingly, the initial actin depolymerisation as well as its effects on integrin function was shown to be mediated by PKB. These results demonstrate how oncogenic growth factor signalling inhibits matrix adhesion by multiple pathways converging on integrin conformation and how Rho signalling can profoundly influence integrin activation in a cytoskeleton-independent manner.

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