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Am J Med. 2005 Jun;118(6):664-70.

Endocrine disorders during the first year after autologous stem-cell transplant.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular and Clinical Endocrinology and Oncology, "Federico II" University of Naples, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Frequent endocrine disorders have been reported after allogeneic stem-cell transplant, but data on adult survivors of autologous transplants are still scarce.

METHODS:

In this prospective study we investigated early (at 3 months) and late (at 12 months) endocrine dysfunctions in 95 consecutive autologous stem-cell transplant recipients (47 men and 48 women) aged 16 to 55 years. The functions of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal/thyroid/adrenal/somatotroph axis were evaluated.

RESULTS:

Three months after the transplant, insulin-like growth factor-1 values were below the normal range in 53 patients (56%); 37 of 40 women (93%) of reproductive age experienced precocious ovarian failure; 39 of 46 men (85%) showed high follicular stimulating hormone, and 17 men (37%) showed low testosterone levels. Adrenal insufficiency occurred in 28 patients (30%) during the peritransplant period after corticosteroid withdrawal. Transient subclinical hyperthyroidism was found in 15 patients (16%). Transient "low T(3)" syndrome was revealed in 29 patients (31%). Twelve months after the transplant, insulin-like growth factor-1 values were still low in 36 patients (38%). Menstrual cycles resumed in four women; follicular stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and estradiol levels improved in 10 patients. Testosterone was low in only two men (4%). Seminal analysis revealed azoospermia in 32 (91%) of 35 men examined. Subclinical hypothyroidism was found in 11 patients (12%); eight of them had previously received radiotherapy for the upper half of the body.

CONCLUSION:

This study documents frequent endocrine disorders during the first year after autologous stem-cell transplant. Despite a tendency to improve, in more than half of the cases, the complications persisted for more than 1 year. Therefore, to diagnose and correct early and late endocrine dysfunctions, endocrine screening is required during the first year in all patients undergoing autografting.

PMID:
15922699
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjmed.2005.02.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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