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Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2005 Jul;85(4):227-34.

Solid lipid particle-based inhalable sustained drug delivery system against experimental tuberculosis.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh 160 012, India.

Abstract

The present study was planned to evaluate the chemotherapeutic potential of nebulized solid lipid particles (SLPs) incorporating rifampicin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide against experimental tuberculosis. The SLPs prepared by the "emulsion solvent diffusion" technique possessed a favourable mass median aerodynamic diameter suitable for bronchoalveolar drug delivery. Following a single nebulization to guinea pigs, therapeutic drug concentrations were maintained in the plasma for 5 days and in the organs (lungs, liver and spleen) for 7 days whereas free drugs were cleared by 1-2 days. The mean residence time and drug bioavailability were improved several-fold in the case of drug-loaded SLPs. A similar pharmacokinetic profile was observed in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected guinea pigs. On nebulization of drug-loaded SLPs to infected guinea pigs at every 7th day, no tubercle bacilli could be detected in the lungs/spleen after 7 doses of treatment whereas 46 daily doses of orally administered drugs were required to obtain an equivalent therapeutic benefit. Further, there was no evidence of any biochemical hepatotoxicity. Thus, nebulization of SLP-based antitubercular drugs forms a sound basis for improving drug bioavailability and reducing the dosing frequency for better management of pulmonary tuberculosis.

PMID:
15922668
DOI:
10.1016/j.tube.2004.11.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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