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Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2005 Jun;15(3):343-9.

Regulation of cyclic nucleotide-gated channels.

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Department of Neuroscience, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 725 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.


Cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels are found in several cell types, and are best studied in photoreceptors and olfactory sensory neurons. There, CNG channels are gated by the second messengers of the visual and olfactory signalling cascades, cGMP and cAMP respectively, and operate as transduction channels generating the stimulus-induced receptor potentials. In visual and olfactory sensory cells CNG channels conduct cationic currents. Calcium can contribute a large fraction of this current, and calcium influx serves a modulatory role in CNG-channel mediated signal transduction. There have been recent developments in our understanding of how the regulation of CNG channels contributes to the physiological properties of photoreceptors and olfactory sensory cells, and in particular on the role of calcium-mediated feedback.

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