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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Jul 15;332(4):982-92.

NDRG1 interacts with APO A-I and A-II and is a functional candidate for the HDL-C QTL on 8q24.

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  • 1Laboratory for Molecular Genetics, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research and Centre for Medical Research, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands 6009, Australia.


Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathy Lom (HMSNL) is a severe autosomal recessive peripheral neuropathy, the most common form of demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease in the Roma (Gypsy) population. The mutated gene, N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1), is widely expressed and has been implicated in a range of processes and pathways. To gain an insight into NDRG1 function we performed yeast two-hybrid screening and identified interacting proteins whose known functions suggest involvement in cellular trafficking. Further analyses, focusing on apolipoproteins A-I and A-II, confirmed their interaction with NDRG1 in mammalian cells and suggest a defect in Schwann cell lipid trafficking as a major pathogenetic mechanism in HMSNL. At the same time, the chromosomal location of NDRG1 coincides with a reported HDL-C QTL in humans and in mice. A putative role of NDRG1 in the general mechanisms of HDL-mediated cholesterol transport was supported by biochemical studies of blood lipids, which revealed an association between the Gypsy founder mutation, R148X, and decreased HDL-C levels.

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