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Mod Pathol. 2005 Aug;18(8):1113-20.

Evaluation of immunophenotype in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and its impact on prognosis.

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Department of Oncology, Radiology, and Clinical Immunology, Rudbeck Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.


Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has been shown to be comprised of at least two prognostic entities, depending on its resemblance to normal germinal center or activated B cells, using global gene expression profiling. Also, the expression patterns of bcl-6, CD10 and IRF-4 (also known as MUM1) have been suggested as alternative means of identifying the germinal- and nongerminal center (activated B-cell like) groups. In the present study, we evaluated by immunohistochemistry the expression patterns of CD10, bcl-6, IRF-4 and bcl-2 in a large material of 161 DLBCL patients. Using two different approaches, patients with germinal center phenotype displayed a significantly better survival than the nongerminal center group. Positive staining for bcl-6 or CD10 predicted for superior survival, while expression of IRF-4 alone showed no association with prognosis. Furthermore, expression of bcl-2 was associated with worse event-free survival and overall survival. In a multivariate analysis, a high international prognostic index score (3-5), non-GC phenotype and bcl-2 were independent adverse prognostic factors. Here we confirm the prognostic importance of determining the germinal- or nongerminal center phenotype in patients with DLBCL.

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