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Bioinformatics. 2005 Aug 1;21(15):3286-93. Epub 2005 May 26.

A latent variable model for chemogenomic profiling.

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  • 1Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.



In haploinsufficiency profiling data, pleiotropic genes are often misclassified by clustering algorithms that impose the constraint that a gene or experiment belong to only one cluster. We have developed a general probabilistic model that clusters genes and experiments without requiring that a given gene or drug only appear in one cluster. The model also incorporates the functional annotation of known genes to guide the clustering procedure.


We applied our model to the clustering of 79 chemogenomic experiments in yeast. Known pleiotropic genes PDR5 and MAL11 are more accurately represented by the model than by a clustering procedure that requires genes to belong to a single cluster. Drugs such as miconazole and fenpropimorph that have different targets but similar off-target genes are clustered more accurately by the model-based framework. We show that this model is useful for summarizing the relationship among treatments and genes affected by those treatments in a compendium of microarray profiles.


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