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Maturitas. 2005 Jun 16;51(2):177-86.

Effects of estradiol-17beta, testosterone and a black cohosh preparation on bone and prostate in orchidectomized rats.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.

Abstract

Estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) effectively prevent orchidectomy (orx) induced osteoporosis. T, however, stimulates prostate proliferation which may lead to malignancy. We showed that a Cimicifuga racemosa (CR) preparation had bone-sparing effects without exerting estrogenic effects in the uterus. We studied therefore whether a CR preparation has also antiosteoporotic effects in orx rats substituted with E2, T or CR via pelleted food over a period of 3 months. Average daily intake per animal was: T: 25 mg; E2: 0.325 mg, CR low dose: 33 mg; CR high dose: 133 mg. E2, T and CR at the high dose partially prevented development of osteoporosis as measured by quantitative computer tomography in the metaphysis of the tibia. E2, but not T or CR reduced serum osteocalcin and the metabolic products of collagen-1alpha1. Gene expression of collagen-1alpha1 and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase was decreased by E2 and the higher dose of the CR extract but increased in the T-treated animals. In the prostate T inhibited androgen receptor, estrogen receptor alpha and insulin-like growth factor-1 gene expression but stimulated the expression of the ERbeta gene. These effects were not shared by E2 or both doses of the CR extract. It is concluded that E2, T and CR exert antiosteoporotic effects in the metaphysis of the tibia of orx rats. T has profound effects in the prostate which were not seen in the E2- and CR-treated animals. Therefore, the Cimicifuga racemosa extract BNO 1055 may be useful to prevent osteoporosis in aged male patients with reduced testosterone production.

PMID:
15917159
DOI:
10.1016/j.maturitas.2004.07.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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