Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Addict Behav. 2006 Jan;31(1):42-56.

Motivation to quit using cigarettes: a review.

Author information

1
Psychology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, 58105, USA. Kevin.mccaul@ndsu.nodak.edu

Abstract

This review asks why persons decide to quit using cigarettes. We summarize three literatures from five decades, including over 30 data sets grouped by different methodologies: (a) retrospective reports of ex-smokers (n = 15), (b) cross-sectional surveys of current smokers (n = 14), and (c) prospective studies of smokers in cessation studies (n = 6). Taken together, the data strongly suggest that health concern is the primary motive for quit attempts. These data fit with theoretical reasoning that persons wish to control danger and negative affect. The data also suggest that health professionals should continue emphasizing the negative health consequences of smoking to motivate cessation attempts.

PMID:
15916861
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.04.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center