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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Jun;46(6):2225-9.

Improving the design of the letter contrast sensitivity test.

Author information

1
Arlene R. Gordon Research Institute, Lighthouse International, New York, NY 10022, USA. aarditi@lighthouse.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To develop a small-format letter contrast sensitivity test with improved accuracy, suitable for portable use and near testing, and having a simple and unambiguous scoring system that can be used with reference to existing norms.

METHODS:

A near test, printed on resin-coated paper and mounted on plastic was developed by using Sloan letters, with 0.04 log unit contrast decrements between each letter and a simple scoring procedure. Monte Carlo methods and a Weibull function model of visual performance were used to assess test accuracy.

RESULTS:

The new test has 28% lower score standard deviations than the Pelli-Robson Contrast Sensitivity Chart, over a wide range of low misreporting rates, while maintaining test scores that differ from the Pelli-Robson by 0.01 log unit, permitting use of norms collected with the Pelli-Robson test.

CONCLUSIONS:

While maintaining comparability with Pelli-Robson norms, the new test has improved accuracy in comparison with the Pelli-Robson chart and several other advantages that result from its smaller size.

PMID:
15914645
DOI:
10.1167/iovs.04-1198
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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