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J Dent Res. 2005 Jun;84(6):510-4.

Enamel matrix derivative gel stimulates signal transduction of BMP and TGF-{beta}.

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Department of Periodontics and Endodontics, School of Dental Medicine, Tsurumi University, 2-1-3 Tsurumi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-8501, Japan.


It has been shown that Emdogain Gel (Emd-Gel) containing enamel matrix proteins promotes biomineralization, such as osteogenesis and cementogenesis, during the regeneration of periodontal tissues. However, the growth factors involved in these activities of Emd-Gel remain unclear. In this study, Emd-Gel was fractionated into 22 sub-fractions by size exclusion chromatography. The osteoinductive factors, TGF-beta and BMP, were examined by a specific luciferase reporter gene assay. In the unfractionated Emd-Gel, TGF-beta-like activity was detected, while BMP activity was not. In contrast, in the fractionated Emd-Gel samples, TGF-beta-like activity was detected from fractions 8 to 13, and BMP-like activity was detected from fractions 4 to 6. Also, it was confirmed that the BMP-like activity in Emd-Gel was inhibited by authentic TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta-like activity. These results indicate that Emd-Gel contains both TGF-beta- and BMP-like growth factors that contribute to the induction of biomineralization during periodontal regeneration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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