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Lung Cancer. 2005 Sep;49(3):289-98.

Combination of chemotherapy without platinum compounds in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer: a systematic review of phase III trials.

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Montpellier Academic Hospital, Unité d'Oncologie Thoracique, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Avenue du Doyen Giraud, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5, France.


Hitherto, platinum-based combinations are world-wide accepted regimens in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) due to a clear survival improvement using various platinum-based doublets in comparison with best supportive care only. However, treatment-allocated time and period with high grade toxicity could be considered as wasted from the patient point of view and the high toxicity induced by platinum-based doublets urges the research of alternate treatments. Newest cytotoxic compounds as so-called third generation drugs (i.e. vinorelbine, docetaxel, paclitaxel and gemcitabine) yield a better efficacy/toxicity ratio. Platinum-free doublet regimens based on these new drugs are expected to offer the patients an improved survival without decreasing his quality of life. Recent update of ASCO guidelines recommended that "for stage IV NSCLC, [...] non-platinum-containing chemotherapy regimens may be used as alternatives to platinum-based regimens in the first line." In spite of this recommendation, the case of non-platinum containing regimen is still debatable and this review deals with methodological statements highlighted by the reports of 14 recently reported randomised studies comparing non-platinum with platinum-based doublets (174 words).

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