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Proteomics. 2005 Jul;5(10):2587-601.

Differential proteome analysis of conditioned media to detect Smad4 regulated secreted biomarkers in colon cancer.

Author information

1
Medical Proteome Center, University of Bochum, Germany.

Abstract

Smad4 is a tumor suppressor gene primarily involved in carcinogenesis of the pancreas and colon. The functional inactivation of Smad4 is a late step genetically. In pancreatic carcinogenesis, loss of Smad4 marks the transition to invasive growth. In colorectal cancers, the frequency of Smad4 inactivation is markedly increased in metastatic cancers. We have established cell biological models, re-expressing Smad4 in deficient human cancer cells, in which we could show that Smad4 is adequate to suppress tumor growth through suppression of angiogenic and invasive properties. Thus, pairs of Smad4-re-expressing and Smad4-deficient cells are prone to model the progression from premalignant stages to carcinomas in the carcinogenic process and may provide access to Smad4 targets of high clinical relevance. We present here a "differential secretome analysis", comparing all the proteins released in vitro from the Smad4-deficient and Smad4-re-expressing SW480 human colon carcinoma cells. The differential secretome catalog comprises more than 25 proteins including proteases and protease inhibitors, as well as established tumor biomarkers. In conclusion, this approach proved to be a sensitive tool to specifically detect Smad4 targets relevant for tumor-stroma interactions. It is also able to reflect complex alterations of cellular physiology. Moreover, the results support our hypothesis that human tumor markers detectable in serum may be identified through differential secretome analyses.

PMID:
15912508
DOI:
10.1002/pmic.200401188
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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