Send to

Choose Destination
Transplantation. 2005 May 27;79(10):1435-40.

Capillary deposition of complement C4d and C3d in pediatric renal allograft biopsies.

Author information

Department of Pediatric Transplantation, University Hospitals Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.



Peritubular capillary deposition of C4d (C4d(PTC)) is a marker of antibody-mediated alloresponse and is associated with poor graft survival in adults. C3d(PTC) has received less attention; its significance is unclear. To date no information has been gained in children.


The prevalence of C4d(PTC) and C3d(PTC) in pediatric renal allograft biopsies (n=77, 31 cadaveric kidneys) was analyzed retrospectively. Associations with histology, donor-specific antibodies (DSAs), and outcome were investigated.


The overall prevalence of C4d(PTC) and C3d(PTC) was 52% and 48%, respectively. C3d(PTC) was associated with C4d(PTC) (P<0.0001). Thirty-six percent of acute rejections were cellular, 28% were humoral, and 36% were combined cellular and humoral. C3d(PTC) was found in 57% of acute rejection biopsies. C4d(PTC), but not C3d(PTC), was associated with accumulation of polymorphonuclear cells in peritubular capillaries (P=0.02). Fifty-one percent of late biopsies (>6 months posttransplantation) had features of chronic allograft nephropathy: 50% were C4d(PTC_ positive, and 50% were C3d(PTC) positive. C4d(PTC) positive chronic allograft nephropathy biopsies had more transplant glomerulopathy (P=0.020) and mesangial matrix increase (P=0.026). C3d(PTC) tended to be associated with transplant glomerulopathy (P=0.06), but not with mesangial matrix increase. C4d(PTC) was correlated with DSA (P=0.011). Excluding early nonrejection graft losses, more grafts were lost in the C4d(PTC) positive group (P=0.019). C3d(PTC) was not associated with DSA or graft outcome.


Our results support C4d(PTC) being a hallmark of humoral rejection in pediatric renal transplantation; its presence was associated with DSA and poorer immunologic graft outcome. In contrast, C3d(PTC), although highly associated with C4d(PTC), did not correlate with DSA or outcome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center