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Neurology. 2005 May 24;64(10):1739-45.

Magnetization transfer MRI demonstrates spinal cord abnormalities in adrenomyeloneuropathy.

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1
Neurogenetics Research Center, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) conventional MRI detects only spinal cord atrophy in the late stages.

OBJECTIVE:

To apply a magnetization transfer-weighted (MTw) imaging to patients with AMN and AMN-like syndrome in order to visualize and quantitatively assess the pathology of white matter tracts in the cervical spinal cord.

METHODS:

MTw studies were conducted in nine men with AMN, eight symptomatic heterozygous women, and 10 age- and sex-matched controls and compared to the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and quantitative tests of vibratory sense and postural sway. MTw data sets were obtained at the level of C1 to C3 using a three-dimensional gradient echo acquisition technique, these images were then standardized between subjects by using the in-slice CSF signal as a normalization reference, allowing a quantitative assessment of the MTw signal.

RESULTS:

In contrast to conventional MRI, MTw images showed signal hyperintensities in the lateral and dorsal columns of all patients. The MT signal quantified in the dorsal column showed significant differences between patients with AMN, X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy heterozygotes, and controls. MT hyperintensity in the dorsal column correlated with EDSS, vibratory sense, and postural sway.

CONCLUSION:

Magnetization transfer-weighted imaging is a sensitive modality for the visual and quantitative assessment of spinal cord pathology in adrenomyeloneuropathy, and is a potential tool for evaluation of new therapies.

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