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Neuropharmacology. 2005 Jun;48(8):1139-46. Epub 2005 Mar 19.

Evidence that (-)-7-hydroxy-4'-dimethylheptyl-cannabidiol activates a non-CB(1), non-CB(2), non-TRPV1 target in the mouse vas deferens.

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1
School of Medical Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB252ZD, Scotland, UK. rgp@abdn.ac.uk

Abstract

Previous experiments showed that R-(+)-WIN55212-induced inhibition of electrically-evoked contractions of mouse vasa deferentia could be antagonized by cannabidiol in a manner that appeared to be competitive but not to involve direct competition for established cannabinoid receptors. We have now discovered that (-)-7-hydroxy-4'-dimethylheptyl-cannabidiol (7-OH-DMH-CBD) inhibits electrically-evoked contractions of the vas deferens (EC(50)=13.3 nM). This it appeared to do by acting on prejunctional neurones as 100 nM 7-OH-DMH-CBD did not attenuate contractile responses to phenylephrine or beta,gamma-methylene-ATP. Although 7-OH-DMH-CBD was antagonized by SR141716A, it was less susceptible to antagonism by this CB(1) receptor antagonist than R-(+)-WIN55212. 7-OH-DMH-CBD was also antagonized by cannabidiol (1 microM; apparent K(B)=222.2 nM) but not by the CB(2) receptor antagonist, SR144528 (32 nM), or by naloxone (300 nM), ruthenium red (1 microM) or capsazepine (10 microM). Yohimbine (100 nM) enhanced the ability of 7-OH-DMH-CBD to inhibit electrically-evoked contractions. R-(+)-WIN55212 was also potentiated by 100 nM yohimbine, possibly reflecting ongoing sequestration of G(i/o) proteins from CB(1) receptors by alpha(2)-adrenoceptors. Our results suggest that 7-OH-DMH-CBD may activate a neuronal target in the vas deferens that is not a CB(1), CB(2), TRPV1, opioid or alpha(2)-adrenergic receptor but do not exclude the possibility that it also activates CB(1) receptors.

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