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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Oct;289(4):H1669-75. Epub 2005 May 20.

Ethanol inhibits monocyte chemotactic protein-1 expression in interleukin-1{beta}-activated human endothelial cells.

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1
Department of Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of ethanol (EtOH) on endothelial monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) expression. IL-1beta increased the production of MCP-1 by human umbilical vein endothelial cells from undetectable levels to approximately 900 pg/ml at 24 h. EtOH dose-dependently inhibited IL-1beta-stimulated MCP-1 secretion as determined by ELISA: 25 +/- 1%, 35 +/- 7%, and 65 +/- 5% inhibition for 1, 10, and 100 mM EtOH, respectively, concomitant with inhibition of monocyte adhesion to activated endothelial cells. Similarly, EtOH dose-dependently inhibited IL-1beta-stimulated MCP-1 mRNA expression. Experiments with actinomycin D demonstrated that EtOH decreased the stability of MCP-1 mRNA. In addition, EtOH significantly reduced NF-kappaB and AP-1 binding activity induced by IL-1beta and inhibited MCP-1 gene transcription. Binding of (125)I-labeled MCP-1 to its receptor (CCR2) on THP-1 human monocytic cells was not affected by EtOH treatment. Modulation of the expression of MCP-1 represents a mechanism whereby EtOH could inhibit atherogenesis by blocking the crucial early step of monocyte adhesion and subsequent recruitment to the subendothelial space. These actions of EtOH may underlie, in part, its cardiovascular protective effects in vivo.

PMID:
15908470
PMCID:
PMC1249528
DOI:
10.1152/ajpheart.00106.2005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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