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Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Apr 8;94(13):134802. Epub 2005 Apr 7.

Anomalous hollow electron beams in a storage ring.

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  • 1Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708-0319, USA.


This Letter reports the first observations of an anomalous hollow electron beam in the Duke storage ring. Created by exciting the single-bunch beam in a lattice with a negative chromaticity, the hollow beam consists of a solid core inside and a large ring outside. We report the detailed measurements of the hollow beam phenomenon, including its distinct image pattern, spectrum signature, and its evolution with time. By capturing the postinstability bursting beam, the hollow beam is a unique model system for studying the transverse instabilities, in particular, the interplay of the wakefield and the lattice nonlinearity. In addition, the hollow beam can be used as a powerful tool to study the linear and nonlinear particle dynamics in the storage ring.

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