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Am J Cardiol. 1992 Jun 1;69(17):1399-402.

Beneficial effect of amiodarone on cardiac mortality in patients with asymptomatic complex ventricular arrhythmias after acute myocardial infarction and preserved but not impaired left ventricular function.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland.

Abstract

To determine whether the beneficial effect of low-dose amiodarone on survival in patients with complex ventricular arrhythmias after myocardial infarction was dependent on left ventricular (LV) function, results of the Basel Antiarrhythmic Study of Infarct Survival were analyzed. Two hundred twelve patients after acute myocardial infarction with asymptomatic complex arrhythmias were randomly assigned to receive amiodarone 200 mg/day or to a control group and followed up for 1 year. Results of mortality and arrhythmic events were related to baseline radionuclide LV ejection fraction. With preserved (greater than or equal to 40%) LV ejection fraction, there was a significantly lower 1-year cardiac mortality in patients treated with amiodarone (1 of 68 or 1.5%) versus control subjects (5 of 56 or 8.9%; p less than 0.03). This was not the case for patients with LV ejection fraction less than 40%. Similarly, arrhythmic events were significantly reduced only in patients with preserved LV function. These results suggest an interaction between the effects of amiodarone on survival and LV dysfunction in patients after acute myocardial infarction. Because of 2 other small studies with similar results, this finding may be of clinical relevance and should be addressed in ongoing and future research with this drug.

PMID:
1590226
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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