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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 May;192(5):1599-604.

The incidence of urinary tract injury during hysterectomy: a prospective analysis based on universal cystoscopy.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, University Hospital, New Orleans, USA. vakilibabak@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the incidence of urinary tract injury due to hysterectomy for benign disease.

STUDY DESIGN:

Patients were enrolled prospectively from 3 sites. All patients undergoing abdominal, vaginal, or laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign disease underwent diagnostic cystourethroscopy.

RESULTS:

Four hundred seventy-one patients participated. Ninety-six percent (24/25) of urinary tract injuries were detected intraoperatively. There were 8 cases of ureteral injury (1.7%) and 17 cases of bladder injury (3.6%). Ureteral injury was associated with concurrent prolapse surgery (7.3% vs 1.2%; P = .025). Bladder injury was associated with concurrent anti-incontinence procedures (12.5% vs 3.1%; P = .049). Abdominal hysterectomy was associated with a higher incidence of ureteral injury (2.2% vs 1.2%) but this was not significant. Only 12.5% of ureteral injuries and 35.3% of bladder injuries were detected before cystoscopy.

CONCLUSION:

The incidence of urinary tract injury during hysterectomy is 4.8%. Surgery for prolapse or incontinence increases the risk. Routine use of cystoscopy during hysterectomy should be considered.

PMID:
15902164
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajog.2004.11.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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