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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 May;192(5):1391-4.

Predictors of contraception knowledge and use among postpartum adolescents in El Salvador.

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1
Hospital San Juan de Dios, San Miguel, El Salvador.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study was undertaken to describe demographics and contraceptive familiarity and use among postpartum adolescents in El Salvador.

STUDY DESIGN:

Questionnaire-guided interviews were conducted in Spanish with 50 postpartum adolescents at an urban, public hospital in El Salvador. Open-ended questions included assessments of education, partnership status, and contraceptive knowledge and use patterns.

RESULTS:

The median age of subjects was 17 years, 84% were nulliparous, 80% had partners, and 6% were married. Eighty-four percent of the women reported contraception knowledge and 18% reported contraception use. Educational experience and literacy predicted contraceptive knowledge (P = .008 and .001, respectively), but not use. After delivery and postpartum contraception education, 58% of the subjects stated intention to use contraception. Having a partner and living with him were predictors of intent to use contraception (P = .001 and .002, respectively). Being single negatively predicted intention to use contraception (P = .001).

CONCLUSION:

Education and literacy predicted contraceptive knowledge; however, contraceptive knowledge did not predict contraceptive use. Adolescent contraception use depends on more than just contraceptive knowledge.

PMID:
15902118
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajog.2004.12.077
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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