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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 May 31;102(22):8042-7. Epub 2005 May 18.

P2Y1 receptor signaling is controlled by interaction with the PDZ scaffold NHERF-2.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Division of Digestive Disease, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.


P2Y(1) purinergic receptors (P2Y(1)Rs) mediate rises in intracellular Ca(2+) in response to ATP, but the duration and characteristics of this Ca(2+) response are known to vary markedly in distinct cell types. We screened the P2Y(1)R carboxyl terminus against a recently created proteomic array of PDZ (PSD-95/Drosophila Discs large/ZO-1 homology) domains and identified a previously unrecognized, specific interaction with the second PDZ domain of the scaffold NHERF-2 (Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor type 2). Furthermore, we found that P2Y(1)R and NHERF-2 associate in cells, allowing NHERF-2-mediated tethering of P2Y(1)R to key downstream effectors such as phospholipase Cbeta. Finally, we found that coexpression of P2Y(1)R with NHERF-2 in glial cells prolongs P2Y(1)R-mediated Ca(2+) signaling, whereas disruption of the P2Y(1)R-NHERF-2 interaction by point mutations attenuates the duration of P2Y(1)R-mediated Ca(2+) responses. These findings reveal that NHERF-2 is a key regulator of the cellular activity of P2Y(1)R and may therefore determine cell-specific differences in P2Y(1)R-mediated signaling.

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