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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2005 May 15;246(2):221-8.

Induction of murine macrophage TNF-alpha synthesis by Mycobacterium avium is modulated through complement-dependent interaction via complement receptors 3 and 4 in relation to M. avium glycopeptidolipid.

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1
Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States.

Abstract

We studied whether complement receptor (CR) mediated Mycobacterium avium interaction modulated macrophage TNF-alpha expression. Compared to control conditions, infections performed with C3-depletion yielded significantly higher TNF-alpha levels. Blockage of the CR4 iC3b site yielded increases in TNF-alpha for all morphotypic variants of a virulent serovar-8 strain (smooth transparent (SmT), smooth opaque (SmO), serovar-specific glycopeptidolipid (ssGPL) deficient knockout mutant) whereas CR3 blockage increased TNF-alpha only for SmT and ssGPL-deficient strains. Thus, complement-mediated binding of M. avium to CR3 and CR4 was shown to modulate TNF-alpha expression. The differential activation of morphotypic and isogenic variants of a single strain provides an excellent model system to delineate signaling pathways.

PMID:
15899409
DOI:
10.1016/j.femsle.2005.04.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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