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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Jun 25;820(2):183-96. Epub 2005 Apr 26.

Determination of mycotoxins in bovine milk by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.

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Steins Laboratorium, Ladelundvej 85, 6650 Brørup, Denmark.


Liquid chromatographic/tandem mass spectrometric methods using pneumatically assisted electrospray ionisation (LC-ESI-MS/MS) was developed for determination of 18 mycotoxins and metabolites-ochratoxin A, zearalenone, alpha-zearalenol, beta-zearalenol, alpha-zearalanol (zeranol), beta-zearalanol (taleranol), fumonisin B1, fumonisin B2, T-2 toxin, HT-2 toxin, T-2 triol, diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS), 15-monoacetoxyscirpenol (MAS), deoxynivalenol (DON), 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-AcDON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-AcDON), deepoxy-deoxynivalenol (DOM-1) and aflatoxin M1--in milk. The mycotoxins were extracted and cleaned up simultaneously. Extraction and removal of lipophilic compounds was performed at pH 2 using a two-phase mixture of acetonitrile and hexane. The acetonitrile concentration of the aqueous phase was reduced and the pH was adjusted to 8.5 before clean up by solid phase extraction (SPE) on Oasis HLB. The toxins DON, DOM-1, 3-AcDON, 15-AcDON, ochratoxin A, zearalenone, alpha-zearalenol, beta-zearalenol, alpha-zearalanol and beta-zearalanol were detected in negative ion mode after separation on a Hypersil ENV analytical column, while the toxins T-2 toxin, HT-2 toxin, T-2 triol, DAS, MAS, fumonisin B1, fumonisin B2 and aflatoxin M1 were detected in positive ion mode after separation on a Luna C18 column. Two transition products were monitored for each compound. The extraction and SPE conditions were optimised to obtain maximum recovery and minimum signal suppression/enhancement. The detection capabilities related to the transition products of lowest abundance were in the range 0.020-0.15 microg/l. The mean true recoveries were in the range 76-108% at levels of 0.2-10 microg/l.

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