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Mol Cancer Ther. 2005 May;4(5):751-60.

Matrix metalloproteinase-activated doxorubicin prodrugs inhibit HT1080 xenograft growth better than doxorubicin with less toxicity.

Author information

1
Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute, 5 Research Parkway, Wallingford, CT 06492, USA. Charlie.Albright@BMS.com

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-activated prodrugs were formed by coupling MMP-cleavable peptides to doxorubicin. The resulting conjugates were excellent in vitro substrates for MMP-2, -9, and -14. HT1080, a fibrosarcoma cell line, was used as a model system to test these prodrugs because these cells, like tumor stromal fibroblasts, expressed several MMPs. In cultured HT1080 cells, simple MMP-cleavable peptides were primarily metabolized by neprilysin, a membrane-bound metalloproteinase. MMP-selective metabolism in cultured HT1080 cells was obtained by designing conjugates that were good MMP substrates but poor neprilysin substrates. To determine how conjugates were metabolized in animals, MMP-selective conjugates were given to mice with HT1080 xenografts and the distribution of doxorubicin was determined. These studies showed that MMP-selective conjugates were preferentially metabolized in HT1080 xenografts, relative to heart and plasma, leading to 10-fold increases in the tumor/heart ratio of doxorubicin. The doxorubicin deposited by a MMP-selective prodrug, compound 6, was more effective than doxorubicin at reducing HT1080 xenograft growth. In particular, compound 6 cured 8 of 10 mice with HT1080 xenografts at doses below the maximum tolerated dose, whereas doxorubicin cured 2 of 20 mice at its maximum tolerated dose. Compound 6 was less toxic than doxorubicin at this efficacious dose because mice treated with compound 6 had no detectable changes in body weight or reticulocytes, a marker for marrow toxicity. Hence, MMP-activated doxorubicin prodrugs have a much higher therapeutic index than doxorubicin using HT1080 xenografts as a preclinical model.

PMID:
15897239
DOI:
10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-05-0006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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