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Scand J Prim Health Care. 1992 Mar;10(1):16-20.

Production of betalactamase by respiratory tract bacteria in children: relationship to antibiotic use.

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Community Health Centre, Höör, Sweden.


Sales of antibiotics have increased in Sweden during the past decade. This has been paralleled by an increase in the frequency of beta-lactamase-producing respiratory tract bacteria. To investigate the effects of regional differences in use of antibiotics on beta-lactamase production in respiratory tract bacteria, we collected nasopharyngeal specimens and information about antibiotic use from 1133 children attending day-care centres in four rural municipalities with low use, and one urban municipality with high use of antibiotics, use being assessed from pharmacy sales. The frequency of beta-lactamase production among isolates of Branhamella catarrhalis and Moraxella nonliquefaciens was significantly higher in the urban municipality. This appeared to be a long-term ecological effect of differences in the level of use of antibiotics between the urban and rural populations, rather than an effect of recent antibiotic treatment of individual patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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