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Cancer Lett. 2005 Jun 8;223(2):203-9. Epub 2004 Nov 19.

Polyethylene glycol reduces inflammation and aberrant crypt foci in carcinogen-initiated rats.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Novum, S-141 86 Huddinge, Sweden.

Abstract

Polyethylene glycol 8000 inhibits the formation of tumors and of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in carcinogen-initiated rats. We asked: is the inhibition associated with a reduction of colonic inflammation and an increase in colonic cell permeability? Twenty-eight, male F 344 rats were divided into two groups, 10 control animals and 18 animals initiated with azoxymethane. Nine of the rats in the carcinogen-initiated group were given a diet with 5% PEG 8000 in an AIN-93 based, high fat diet. The other nine, and the control group received the diet without the addition of PEG. Nine weeks later, the rats receiving the diet containing PEG had a 43% reduction in ACF (P<0.001) compared with the carcinogen-initiated rats on the control diet, a result confirming earlier observations that PEG inhibits colon carcinogenesis. The animals receiving the diet containing PEG also had a 10-fold reduction in fecal granulocyte marker protein (GMP) (P<0.001) compared with both the carcinogen-treated and the control animals. PEG reduced inflammation below the levels of carcinogen-treated and of untreated animals. Fecal water from the rats receiving PEG did not reduce transepithelial resistance of, or manitol flux through, human Caco-cells grown as monolayers in vitro. PEG may reduce colon carcinogenesis through a mechanism involving colonic inflammation.

PMID:
15896454
DOI:
10.1016/j.canlet.2004.10.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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