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Tissue Antigens. 2005 Jun;65(6):507-14.

The impact of eicosanoids on the crosstalk between innate and adaptive immunity: the key roles of dendritic cells.

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1
Center National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France. heidi.harizi@bordeaux.inra.fr

Abstract

The innate immune response is essentially the first line of defense against an invading pathogen. Through specialized receptors, known as pattern recognition receptors, especially Toll-like receptors, specialized cells of myeloid origin, including macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs) are able to phagocytose microorganisms and induce an innate inflammatory response. Although B and T lymphocytes recognize tissue antigens with high specificity, they are unable to initiate immune responses. The decision to activate an appropriate immune response is made by unique DC, the most professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs) which control the responses of several types of lymphocytes and play central role in the transition between innate and adaptive immunity. Increased secretion of inflammatory endogenous mediators such as cytokines and arachidonic acid-derived lipid mediators, also termed eicosanoids, can activate APC, particularly DC, which in turn induce an adaptive immune response. There is an increasing evidence that eicosanoids play an important role in connecting innate and adaptive immunity by acting on cells of both systems. Prostanoids, a major class of eicosanoids, have a great impact on inflammatory and immune responses. PGE(2) is one of the best known and most well-characterized prostanoids in terms of immunomodulation. Although cytokines are known as key regulators of immunity, eicosanoids, including PGE(2), PGD(2), LTB(4), and LTC(4), may also affect cells of immune system by modulating cytokine release, cell differentiation, survival, migration, antigen presentation, and apoptosis. By acting on various aspects of immune and inflammatory reactions, these lipid mediators emerge as key regulators of the crosstalk between innate and adaptive immunity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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