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Eur J Pharmacol. 2005 May 16;515(1-3):10-9.

Aripiprazole's low intrinsic activities at human dopamine D2L and D2S receptors render it a unique antipsychotic.

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Research Institute of Pharmacological and Therapeutical Development, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tokushima 771-0192, Japan.


Aripiprazole is the first clinically approved atypical antipsychotic agent having dopamine D2 receptor partial agonist activities. To evaluate aripiprazole's agonist and antagonist properties, we established a Chinese hamster ovary cell line expressing high and low densities of the long and short isoforms of human dopamine D2 receptors, then compared its properties with 7-{3-[4-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)piperazinyl]propoxy}-2(1H)-quinolinone (OPC-4392), S(-)-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-n-propylpiperidine ((-)-3-PPP), and terguride (other partial agonists) using forskolin-stimulated cAMP accumulation as an index. In cells expressing high receptor densities, all partial agonists predominantly behaved as agonists. However, in cells expressing low receptor densities, the partial agonists showed significantly lower maximal effects than dopamine. Aripiprazole showed the lowest intrinsic activities. In addition, all compounds blocked the action of dopamine with a maximum effect equal to that of each compound alone. Aripiprazole's low intrinsic activities may account for the clinical finding that, unlike the other partial agonists, it is substantially active against both positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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