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Immunity. 2005 May;22(5):551-60.

Complexity and complementarity of outer membrane protein A recognition by cellular and humoral innate immunity receptors.

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1
Centre d'Immunologie Pierre Fabre, 5 Avenue Napoléon III, 74164 Saint-Julien en Genevois, France.

Abstract

Outer membrane protein A (OmpA) is a conserved major component of the outer membrane of Enterobacteriaceae. Here, we report that OmpA from Klebsiella pneumoniae (KpOmpA) activates macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs) in a TLR2-dependent way. However, TLR2 does not account for binding of KpOmpA to innate immune cells. KpOmpA binds the scavenger receptors (SRs) LOX-1 and SREC-I, but not other members of the same family. LOX-1 colocalizes and cooperates with TLR2 in triggering cellular responses. The TLR2-activated functional program includes production of the long pentraxin PTX3, a soluble pattern recognition receptor involved in resistance against diverse pathogens. PTX3, in turn, binds KpOmpA but does not affect recognition of this microbial moiety by cellular receptors. KpOmpA-elicited in vivo inflammation is abrogated in TLR2(-/-) mice and significantly reduced in PTX3(-/-) mice. Thus, SR-mediated KpOmpA recognition and TLR2-dependent cellular activation set in motion a nonredundant PTX3-mediated humoral amplification loop of innate immunity.

PMID:
15894273
DOI:
10.1016/j.immuni.2005.03.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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