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Cancer Cell. 2005 May;7(5):411-23.

De novo carcinogenesis promoted by chronic inflammation is B lymphocyte dependent.

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Cancer Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA.


Chronic inflammation predisposes tissue to cancer development; however, regulatory mechanisms underlying recruitment of innate leukocytes toward developing neoplasms are obscure. We report that genetic elimination of mature T and B lymphocytes in a transgenic mouse model of inflammation-associated de novo epithelial carcinogenesis, e.g., K14-HPV16 mice, limits neoplastic progression to development of epithelial hyperplasias that fail to recruit innate immune cells. Adoptive transfer of B lymphocytes or serum from HPV16 mice into T and B cell-deficient/HPV16 mice restores innate immune cell infiltration into premalignant tissue and reinstates necessary parameters for full malignancy, e.g., chronic inflammation, angiogenic vasculature, hyperproliferative epidermis. These findings support a model in which B lymphocytes are required for establishing chronic inflammatory states that promote de novo carcinogenesis.

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