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Cell Signal. 2005 Aug;17(8):911-6. Epub 2005 Feb 16.

Involvement of extracellular Ca2+ influx through voltage-independent Ca2+ channels in endothelin-1 function.

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Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


This article reviews the types and roles of voltage-independent Ca(2+) channels involved in the endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced functional responses such as vascular contraction, cell proliferation, and intracellular Ca(2+)-dependent signaling pathways and discusses the molecular mechanisms for the activation of voltage-independent Ca(2+) channels by ET-1. ET-1 activates some types of voltage-independent Ca(2+) channels, such as Ca(2+)-permeable nonselective cation channels (NSCCs) and store-operated Ca(2+) channels (SOCC). Extracellular Ca(2+) influx through these voltage-independent Ca(2+) channels plays essential roles in ET-1-induced vascular contraction, cell proliferation, activation of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase, regulation of proline-rich tyrosine kinase, and release of arachidonic acid. The experiments using various constructs of endothelin receptors reveal the importance of G(q) and G(12) families in activation of these Ca(2+) channels by ET-1. These findings provide a potential therapeutic mechanism of a functional interrelationship between G(q)/G(12) proteins and voltage-independent Ca(2+) channels in the pathophysiology of ET-1, such as in chronic heart failure, hypertension, and cerebral vasospasm.

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