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Vaccine. 2005 May 31;23(29):3783-90. Epub 2005 Mar 17.

Identification and characterization of HIV-1-specific CD8+ T cell epitopes presented by HLA-A*2601.

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Division of Viral Immunology, Center for AIDS Research, Kumamoto University, 2-2-1 Honjo, Kumamoto 860-0811, Japan.


Since HLA-A*26 is one of the most common alleles in Asia, where approximately 20% of people have this allele, identification of HIV-1-specific epitopes presented by HLA-A*26 is necessary for studies on the immunopathogenesis of AIDS and vaccine development in Asia. As presented herein, we used the reverse immunogenetics approach to identify HIV-1 epitopes presented by HLA-A*2601, one of the major HLA-A*26 subtypes. We selected 24 HLA-A*2601-binding peptides out of 110 HIV-1 peptides by using a HLA-A*2601 stabilization assay. The ability of these HLA-A*2601-binding peptides to induce peptide-specific CD8(+) T cells was tested by stimulating PBMCs from HIV-1-infected individuals having HLA-A*2601 with these peptides. Four HLA-A*2601-binding peptides induced peptide-specific CD8 T cells. Analysis using HIV-1 recombinant vaccinia-infected C1R-A*2601 cells indicated that these four peptides were HIV-1 epitopes endogenously presented by HLA-A*2601. Two epitope-specific CD8(+) T cells were predominantly detected in HIV-1 infected individuals, suggesting that these epitopes may be useful for vaccine development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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